Sony Digital Rapids Pixel Power calrec Sony

Friday Tip: Tempo Changes for Already Mixed Songs - Reloaded

09/08/2019

The June 22, 2018 tip covered how to make mastered songs better with tempo changes, but there was some pushback because it wasn't easy to make these kinds of changes in Studio One. Fortunately, it seems like the developers were listening, because it's now far easier to change tempo. I've been refining various tempo-changing techniques over the past year (and had a chance to gauge reactions to songs using tempo changes compared to those that didn't), so it seemed like the time is right to re-visit this topic.

WHY TEMPO CHANGES?

In the days before click tracks, music had tempo changes. However, with good musicians, these weren't random. After analyzing dozens of songs, many (actually, most) of them would speed up slightly during the end of a chorus or verse, or during a solo, and then drop back down again.

For example, many people feel James Brown had one of the tightest rhythm sections ever-which is true, but not because they were a metronome. There were premeditated, conscious tempo changes throughout the song (e.g., speeding up during the run up to the phrase papa's got a brand new bag, in the song of the same name, then dropping back down again-only to speed up to the next climax). Furthermore, the entire song sped up linearly over the course of the song.

Note that you didn't hear these kinds of changes as something obvious, you felt them. They added to the tension and release inherent in any music, which is a key element (along with dynamics) in eliciting an emotional response from listeners.

THE PROBLEM WITH TEMPO CHANGES

It was easy to have natural tempo changes when musicians played together in a room. These days, it's difficult for solo artists to plan out in advance when changes are going to happen. Also, if you use effects with tempo sync, not all of them follow tempo changes elegantly (and some can't follow tempo changes at all). Let's face it-it's a lot easier to record to a click track, and have a constant tempo. However

THE STUDIO ONE SOLUTION

Fortunately, Studio One makes it easy to add tempo changes to a finished mix-so you can complete your song, and then add subtle tempo changes where appropriate. This also lets you compare a version without tempo changes, and one with tempo changes. You may not hear a difference, but you'll feel it.

As mentioned in last year's tip, for the highest possible fidelity choose Options > Advanced > Audio, and check Use cache for timestretched audio files. Next, open a new project, and bring in the mixed file. Important: you need to embed a tempo, otherwise it's not possible to change the tempo. So, open the Inspector, and enter a tempo under File Tempo. It doesn't have to match the original song tempo because we're making relative, not absolute, changes. Also choose Tempo = Timestretch, and Timestretch = Sound - Elastique Pro Formant.

MANIPULATING THE TEMPO TRACK

Working with the tempo track is now as easy as working with automation: click and drag to create ramps, and bend straight lines into curves if desired. You can set high and low tempo limits within the tempo track; the minimum difference between high and low Tempo Track values is 20 BPM, however you can change the tempo track height to increase the resolution. The bottom lines it that it's possible to create very detailed tempo changes, quickly and easily.

So what does it sound like? Here are two examples. The first is a hard-rock cover version of Walking on the Moon (originally recorded by The Police, and written by Sting).

The differences are fairly significant, starting with a low of 135 BPM, going up to 141 BPM, and dropping down as low as 134 BPM.

https://youtu.be/ivXWaWW9e74

Here's another example, a slower song called My Butterfly. It covers an even greater relative range, because it goes from a low of 90 to a high of 96 BPM. You may be able to hear the speedup in the solo, not just feel it, now that you know it's there.

https://youtu.be/dgkhB9eo1dw

Note that when possible, there's a constant tempo at the beginning and end. It doesn't matter so much with songs, but with dance mixes, I can add tempo changes in the track as long as there's a constant tempo on the intro and outro so DJs don't go crazy when they're trying to do beat-matching.

So is it worth making these kinds of changes? All I know is that the songs I do with tempo changes get a better response than songs without tempo changes. Maybe it's coincidence but I don't think so.
LINK: https://blog.presonus.com/index.php/2019/08/09/friday-tip-tempo-change...
See more stories from presonus

Most recent headlines

20/08/2019

ACCLAIMED NOVEL BECOMES A NETFLIX ORIGINAL SERIES

-- Copenhagen, August 19, 2019 -- Earlier today Netflix announced its second Danish original series, The Chestnut Man, at Copenhagen TV Festival. The Chestnut M...

20/08/2019

NETFLIX TEAMS WITH MASTER ORGANIZERS CLEA SHEARER AND JOANNA TEPLIN FOR A NEW UNSCRIPTED SERIES

Netflix has begun production on a new lifestyle series, featuring the influentia...

20/08/2019

DAN STEVENS JOINS WILL FERRELL, RACHEL MCADAMS AND PIERCE BROSNAN IN EUROVISION

Dan Stevens will star as Alexander Lemtov, a Russian contestant in the Eurovision song contest He joins Will Ferrell and Rachel McAdams, who are playing aspiri...

20/08/2019

NAGRA highlights smart content aggregation and monetisation underpinned by scalable service protection at IBC 2019

Cheseaux, Switzerland and Phoenix, (AZ), USA - August 19, 2019 - At IBC 2019, NA...

20/08/2019

Light Iron Enlists Renowned Industry Colorist Scott Klein

Light Iron Enlists Renowned Industry Colorist Scott Klein LOS ANGELES (July 8, 2019) - Light Iron, a Panavision company, is excited to announce that award-win...

20/08/2019

HPA Announces 2019 Engineering Excellence Award Winners

HPA Announces 2019 Engineering Excellence Award Winners July 11, 2019 (Burbank, CA) - The Hollywood Professional Association (HPA) Awards Committee have annou...

20/08/2019

Joe Walker, ACE Set for Keynote Conversation at EditFest LA 2019

Joe Walker, ACE Set for Keynote Conversation at EditFest LA 2019 (Hollywood, CA) July 31, 2019 - EditFest LA, the day-long celebration of the art and craft of...

20/08/2019

HPA Honors Robert Legato with Lifetime Achievement Award

HPA Honors Robert Legato with Lifetime Achievement Award The Hollywood Professional Association (HPA) has announced that Robert Legato, the legendary visual e...

20/08/2019

METLIFE'S RETIREMENT \u0026 INCOME SOLUTIONS CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTER RECEIVES J.D. POWER CERTIFICATION

METLIFE'S RETIREMENT & INCOME SOLUTIONS CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTER RECEIVES J.D...

19/08/2019

Casting announced on series 2 of ITV's hit drama The Bay

Published: Mon 19 Aug 2019 Casting announced on series 2 of ITV's hit drama The Bay from Tall Story Pictures Casting for Series Two of The Bay, has today ...

19/08/2019

Grabyo 2019 Sports Video Trends Report: Sports Fans Want Games on TV But Are Ready to Cut the Cord

Grabyo 2019 Sports Video Trends Report: Sports Fans Want Games on TV But Are Rea...

19/08/2019

As In-Market Streaming Barriers Are Lifted, RSNs Look To Serve More Live Content to Fans

As In-Market Streaming Barriers Are Lifted, RSNs Look To Serve More Live Content...

19/08/2019

Gravity Media Acquires Chief Entertainment in Expanding Australia Presence

Gravity Media Acquires Chief Entertainment in Expanding Australia Presence The Sydney-based firm provides live studio and production services By Ken Kerschbaum...

19/08/2019

Sports OTT Forum: How Digital Entities Create and Cultivate a Sports-Betting Plan

Sports OTT Forum: How Digital Entities Create and Cultivate a Sports-Betting Pla...

19/08/2019

Spotify's Equalizer Project Raises the Volume at Way Out West

The Way Out West festival in Sweden is about much more than music-it's a three-day celebration of several sustainability- and equality-focused efforts. The ...

19/08/2019

Robert Lindsay, James Murray, Susannah Fielding, Ellie Kendrick and Navin Chowdhry...

Robert Lindsay, James Murray, Susannah Fielding, Ellie Kendrick and Navin Chowdh...

19/08/2019

Filming has begun on the new series of hit detective drama,...

Filming has begun on the new series of hit detective drama, Endeavour starring Shaun Evans and Roger Allam Company News August 19, 2019 The latest series of ...

19/08/2019

Indias Rising Stars Shine at Berklee Summer Program

Each summer, hundreds of students from all over the world come to Berklee for the annual Aspire: Five-Week Music Performance Intensive. This year's cohort i...

19/08/2019

Krystal Prime Banfield Named VP for Education Outreach and Social Entrepreneurship

Berklee has named Krystal Prime Banfield vice president for Educational Outreach...

19/08/2019

Leni Stern Finds a Universe of Rhythm

As part of Berklee's weeklong Guitar Sessions intensive, Leni Stern '80 gave a clinic and performance with pianist Leo Genovese and two other musicians....

19/08/2019

Radio Show to Feature New Edison Research Study on Maximizing Listenership

Radio Show to Feature New Edison Research Study on Maximizing Listenership --Session to include original research and strategies for engaging and retaining list...

19/08/2019

Fujifilm develops FUJINON UA1078.4BESM AF

Fujifilm develops FUJINON UA107 8.4BESM AF - Brings innovation to video production with the worlds first 4K-compatible broadcast lens with AF function - Achie...

19/08/2019

Fujifilm and NewTom Formalise New Partnership

Fujifilm and NewTom Formalise New Partnership 19.08.2019 NewTom featured on Fujifilm's stand at UKIO 2019 In late 2018 Fujifilm became a UK distributor ...

19/08/2019

Grass Valley Enables Open-Standards IP Production for IBC TV

Grass Valley Enables Open-Standards IP Production for IBC TV MONTREAL, August 19, 2019 IBC TV, the official television channel of IBC 2019 (September 13-18,...

19/08/2019

Dave s Joke of The Fringe 2019

Comedian Olaf Falafel wins Daves Funniest Joke of The Fringe Award with belting vegetable joke Jokes were shortlisted by a panel of UKs foremost comedy critic...

19/08/2019

Don t Panic! Dad s Army Ghost Billboard appears in London

45ft mural installed in Clerkenwell, East London took four artists from street art collective Global Street Art Agency 50 hours to create 19 August 2019 Gia...

19/08/2019

Heartcast Media in Washington, DC and the StudioLive 16

Heartcast Media is a dedicated full-service studio in Washington, D.C. that works with clients to create high quality, authentic podcast content that inspires, ...

19/08/2019

Carrie Underwood to Host CMA Awards' Nov. 13

Carrie Underwood will host The 53rd Annual CMA Awards Nov. 13 on ABC. Reba McEntire and Dolly Parton, both members of the Country Music Hall of Fame, will be gu...

19/08/2019

VH1 Orders More RuPaul's Drag Race,' Drag Race All Stars'

VH1 has ordered new seasons for RuPaul's Drag Race and RuPaul's Drag Race All Stars. It will be season 12 of RuPaul's Drag Race. RuPaul's Drag R...

19/08/2019

MPC Film Shows Its VFX Are King

MPC Film has teamed up once again with director Jon Favreau to push the boundaries of what entertainment can be - beyond what's ever been done before. The a...

19/08/2019

Modo 13.1 Ships

Foundry is now making Modo 13.1 available for purchase....

19/08/2019

VRS Announces Special 2019 Honorees

LOS ANGELES - The Visual Effects Society (VES), the industry's global professional honorary society, announced the 2019 inductees into the VES Hall of Fame,...

19/08/2019

Groundbreaking Music Video Debuts with Advanced Real-Time Tech

LOS ANGELES - 08/15/2019 - The Mill collaborated with Norwegian musician Cashmere Cat and renowned Director Jake Schreier on the groundbreaking music video Emo...

19/08/2019

British Airways to trial VR airline entertainment...

British Airways has announced that it is introducing a trial run of its virtual reality entertainment system on select flights from London Heathrow to New York ...

19/08/2019

DIGIS Group hosts...

The DIGIS Group held its annual integration conference in July, with 100 delegates from 70 local integration companies represented at the event, offering traini...

19/08/2019

Datapath appoints Adam Marsden as sales and account manager

Adam Marsden has been appointed as Datapath's sales and account manager for the UK, Ireland, Nordics and Baltics. Marsden, a former training manager for D...

19/08/2019

Blackmagic Design Live Production Workflow Captures Festival Beauregard

Blackmagic Design Live Production Workflow Captures Festival Beauregard posted: 19/08/2019 Blackmagic Design today announced that a multicamera SMPTE fibe...

19/08/2019

Downton Abbey' Film Out Sept. 20

Downton Abbey, the movie based on the PBS TV series, hits theater screens Sept. 20. The film is set in 1927 and the Crawleys, and their servants, are preparing ...

19/08/2019

Grass Valley Enables Open-Standards IP Production for IBC TV

Grass Valley Enables Open-Standards IP Production for IBC TV posted: 19/08/2019 IBC TV, the official television channel of IBC2019 (September 13-18, Amste...

19/08/2019

Protec Dubai invests in Robe

Protec Dubai invests in Robe posted: 19/08/2019 Protec's Aaron Russ with Elie Battah from Robe Middle East The Protec Group's Dubai branch, the l...

19/08/2019

Gravity Media further expands in Australia with Chief Entertainment acquisition

Gravity Media further expands in Australia with Chief Entertainment acquisition posted: 19/08/2019 Deal creates premier provider of live and fast-turnarou...

19/08/2019

Going green screenless

Dan Meier visits visualisation specialist disguise to see extended reality in action Dan Meier 3 hours ago Dan Meier visits visualisation specialist disg...

19/08/2019

Crossing over with The Finish Line

Zeb Chadfield, owner of The Finish Line, explains why he decided to move to Blackmagic's DaVinci Resolve for finishing and delivery Contributor 3 hours...

19/08/2019

DCMS has no plans to make legislative changes' to TV ad limits

DCMS said to be in discussions over limit of ads per hour on PSBs Jenny Priestley 5 hours ago DCMS said to be in discussions over limit of ads per hour o...

19/08/2019

ACCESS brings Viacom channels to cars

MTV, Comedy Central and Nickelodeon will be available via Twine4Car in Germany Dan Meier 4 hours ago MTV, Comedy Central and Nickelodeon will be availabl...

19/08/2019

Three launches 5G home broadband

Initially available in Camden, Camberwell and Southwark Dan Meier 4 hours ago Initially available in Camden, Camberwell and Southwark target=_blank tit...

19/08/2019

Bunch of Jerks Night Headlines Penultimate Homestand

Bark in the Park, Kids Eat Free, Princess Night All on Tap with 11 Home Games Remaining The Durham Bulls return to Durham Bulls Athletic Park for a seven-game ...

19/08/2019

Native Instruments celebrate 10 years of Maschine

Limited-run orange Maschine kicks off decennial celebration of NIs production workstation Incredibly, its 10 years since we first reviewed NIs Maschine hybrid...